The Value of Honesty
Mentor:Virgil Adams, Program Chair & Professor of Psychology, California State University Channel Islands
How individuals view honesty differs greatly depending on many factors. For instance, Shotland & Berger (1970) have argued that many of their subjects put an emphasis on honesty for reasons relating to religious salvation. Other studies have shown that when the salience of honesty was increased respondents tendency to lie was subsequently significantly reduced. This study examines the relationship between social economic status, gender, social attachment and the importance of honesty. Utilizing a sample of adults from Southern California, the results indicated a significant positive relationship between the annual income of an individual and the emphasis they placed on honesty. It also showed that women valued honesty more than men and were more likely to give an honest opinion to a friend. Implications for research on honesty are discussed.