Restorative Justice: Truth and Reconciliation in South Africa
Mentor:Joyce Kaufman, Professor of Political Science, Whittier College
Restorative Justice: Truth and Reconciliation in South Africa Author: Faith Govan, Whittier College Mentor: Dr. Joyce P. Kaufman, Professor of Political Science, Whittier College Discipline: Interdisciplinary The research embodied in the study of Restorative Justice techniques and implementations is vast and varied, as every case study is unique in historical, political, and social contexts. Nonetheless, South Africa stands out as an example of a success story. The purpose of my project is to discuss both the effectiveness of post-apartheid reconciliation strategies in South Africa and to provide a framework outlining how the country should best encourage sustainable peace and break down the social segregation that still exists there in the present day. I explored answers to this research question by physically going to South Africa and interviewing people about their ideas on the topic after I had read extensively and wrote a detailed literature review. By drawing on frameworks in the fields of Political Science, Sociology, History, and Anthropology I came up with some ideas for an alternative framework drawn from the study of these disciplines that I believe shows a new approach to sustainable reconciliation. The approach I have outlined is grounded in the civil society while also being supported by the South African government. I suggest that in order for true reconciliation to take place there must be measurable objectives that are followed by the various stakeholders as well as non-state actors. The most effective way for South Africa to proceed in a still divided post-apartheid society is to create a system of goals and mandates that are quantified and measured by the South African public.