Family Closeness and Hope
Mentor:Virgil H. Adams, III, Program Chair & Professor of Psychology, California State University Channel Islands
Family Closeness and Hope Milagros Macias, California State University Channel Islands Mentor: Virgil H. Adams III, PhD. Psychology Program, California State University Channel Islands Hope theory describes a person’s perceived ability to originate pathways to achieve goals, to motivate one to follow those pathways, and the actual following of those paths in order to reach those goals (Snyder, 2002). Past studies have examine how family dynamics and interactions patterns can play a vital role in children’s perceptions and expectations in their lives (Sharabi, Levi, Margalit, 2012). The present study assessed the role of family closeness by examining the cognitive, behavioral, and affective interdependence on an individual’s hope. Data was drawn from a survey of Southern California residents (n=725) gathered through convenience sampling. It was hypothesized that those individuals with higher family closeness relationships, had more hope. The findings supported this in that respondents with higher levels of hope also reported significantly higher levels of close relationships with their family. We also found significant effects of age, education, parental marital status, income, and parental education on the individual’s level of hope. Discussion focuses on the role of family closeness and goal attainment.